16 TENSES

1.  Simple Present Tense

Tenses ini digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang bersifat tetap, kebiasaan atau kebenaran yang hakiki. Karena sering menyangkut kejadian diwaktu lamapu, sekarang dan akan datang, Tenses ini paling sedikit mempunyai keterangan waktu tertentu.

Formula:

(+) S + V1 + O

(- ) S + Do/Does + not + V1 + O

(? ) Do/Does + S + V1 + O

 

Example Sentence:

(+) She is a new people here.

( -) She isn’t a new people here.

( ?) Is she a new people here?

 

2. Present Continuous Tense

     Tenses ini digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan yang benar-benar sedang dilakukan saat ini.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Be + Ving + O/C             >>         (+ ) They are playing badminton now

(- ) S + Be + not + Ving + O/C    >>         (– ) They are not playing badminton now

(? ) Be + S + Ving + O/C             >>         (? ) Are they playing badminton now?

 

Example Sentence:

( +) He is playing badminton now

( – ) He isn’t playing badminton now.

( ? ) Is he playing badminton now?

 

3.            Present Perfect Tense

     Tense ini digunakanuntuk menunjukan suatu peristiwa yang selesai pada waktu yang singkat (baru selesai).

 

Formula:

Subject + Have + Verb ke 3

 

Example:

(+) You have eaten mine.

( -) She has not been to Rome.

( ?) Have you finished?

 

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

     Tense ini untuk menjelaskanperbuatan yang berlangsung hingga sekarang (pada saat bicara masih terjadi).

 

Formula:

(+) S + Have/Has + Been + Ving

(- )  S + Have/Has + Not + Been + Ving

(? )  Have/Has + S + Been + Ving

 

Example:

(+) She has been going to Malang since evening.

( -) She hasn’t been going to Malang since evening.

( ?) Has she been going to Malang?

 

 

5.            Simple Past Tense

     Tense ini untuk membicarakan tentang satu perbuatan yang terjadi di masa lampau.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Be + Was/Were + O

(- ) S + Be + Was/Were + Not + O

(? ) Be + Was/Were + S + O

 

Example:

(+) We were at school yesterday

(- ) We were not at school yesterday

(? ) Were we at school yesterday?

 

Example Sentence:

(+) I saw a good film last night

(- ) I saw not a good film last night

(? ) Saw I a good film last night

 

6. Past Continuous Tense

     Tense ini menggambarkan suatu tindakan atau kejadian pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Was/Were + Ving

(- ) S + Was/Were + Not + Ving

(? ) Was/Were + S + Ving

 

Example:

 (+) They were talking about sport when I met him.

 ( -) They weren’t talking about sport when I met him.

 ( ?) Were they talking about sport when I met him.

 

7.            Past Perfect Tense

Tense ini mengekspresikan tindakan di masa lalu sebelum tindakan lain terjadi, namun kejadiannya di masa lampau.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Had + V3

( -) S + Had + Not + V3

( ?) Had + S + V3

 

Example:

(+) When my brother arrived, I had painted my motor cycle

( -) When my brother arrived, I hadn’t painted my motor cycle

( ?) Had I my motor cycle, when my brother arrived?

 

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Tense ini sama pemakaiannya dengan Past Perfect Tense, namun mengekspresikan tindakan-tindakan yang lebih lama di masa lampau sebelum tindakan lain terjadi.

 

Formula:

Subject + Had + Been + Ving

 

Example:

 (+) When they washed my drees, your father had been playing badminton

 ( -) When they washed my dress, your father hadn’t been playing badminton

 ( ?) When they washed my dress, had your father been playing badminton?

 

9.            Simple Future Tense

Kapan kita mengunakan Simple Future Tense?

Jika tidak ada rencana sebelumnya atau menyatakan perbuatan / kejadian yang akan dilakukan pada waktu yang akan datang

 

Formula:

Subject + Will/Shall + Verb ke 1

 

Example:

(+) President shall at Nederland the day after tomorrow.

( -) President shall not at Nederland the day after tomorrow.

( ?) Shall President at Nederland the day after tomorrow?

 

10.          Future Continuous Tense

Kapan kita menggunakan Future Continuous Tense?

Tense ini menggambarkan suatu tindakan yang akan terjadi di waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

 

Formula:

Subject + Will + Be + Ving

 

Example:

(+) I will be writing a comic.

( -) I will not writing a comic.

( ?) Will I be writing a comic?

 

11.          Future Perfect Tense

Kapan kita memakai Future Perfect Continuous Tense?

Kita menggunakan Tense ini untuk membicarakan tentang suatu tindakan/kegiatan yang panjang sebelum beberapa saat di masa yang akan datang.

 

Formula:

Subject + Will + Have + Verb ke 3

 

Example:

(+) You will have forgotten me by then.

( -) We will not have left.

( ?) Will they have received it?

 

12.          Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan / peristiwa yang akan terjadi diwaktu lampau

 

Formula:

Subject + Will+ Have + Been + Ving

 

Example:

(+) I will have been reading a news paper.

( -) I will haven’t been reading a news paper.

( ?) Will I have been riding a news paper?

 

13.          Past Future Tense

Untuk menyatakan suatu prbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan sedang terjadi di waktu lampau.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Would + V1

( -) S + Would + Not + V1

( ?) Would + S + V1

 

Example:

(+) They would buy a home the previous day.

( -) They wouldn’t buy a home the previous day.

( ?) Would they buy a home the previous day ?

 

14.          Past Future Continuous Tense

Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang sedang terjadi di waktu lampau.

 

Formula:

(+) S + Would + Be + Ving

( -) S + Would + Not + Be + Ving

( ?) Would + S + Be + Ving

 

Example:

(+) I should be swimming at this time the following day.

( -) I shouldn’t be swimming at this time the following day.

( ?) Shall I be swimming at this time the following day?

 

15.          Past Future Perfect Tense

     Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan / peristiwa yang akan sedang terjadi di waktu lampau.

 

Formula :

(+) S + Would + Have + V3

( -) S + Would + Not + Have + V3

( ?) Would + S + have + V3

 

Example :

(+) He would have graduated if he had studies hard.

( -) He wouldn’t have gone if he had met his darling

( ?) Would He have gone if he had met his darling?

 

16.          Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan / peristiwa yang akan sedang terjadi di waktu lampau

 

Formula:

(+)  S + Would + Have + Been + Ving

( -)  S + Would + Not + Have + Been + Ving

( ?)  Would + S + Have + Been + Ving

 

Example:

(+) Mrs. Anisa Munif would have been walking here for seventeen years

( -) Mrs. Anisa Munif wouldn’t have been walking here for seventeen year

( ?) Would Mrs. Anisa Munif have been walking here for seventeen years?

 

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